Linux is a popular and powerful choice for penetration testers and ethical hackers due to its flexibility, customization options, and a wide range of security tools available. Here are a few Linux distributions (distros) specifically designed for penetration testing and ethical hacking purposes:

Networking Essentials

  • OSI Model: Understanding the layered architecture helps in pinpointing vulnerabilities at various levels.
  • Protocols: In-depth knowledge of TCP/IP and other network protocols is essential for accurate analysis.
  • Subnetting and IP Addressing: Subnetting knowledge aids in identifying network segments and potential entry points.


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Ethical Guidelines

  • Permission: Always obtain written consent from the organization before initiating any pentesting activities.
  • Scope: Define the scope of testing, outlining the assets and areas that can be assessed.
  • Reporting: Document all findings accurately and promptly, assisting the organization in addressing vulnerabilities.